Inera has a worldwide customer base and is widely recognized as an industry leader in XML and electronic publishing workflows. As a result, over the years we have offered many presentations and publications that concern these topics. This page offers a means of acccessing these resources for scholarly and government publishing professionals.

The Edifix blog is a resource for information and issues about references specifically, and articles there may be of interest to students, freelance editors, authors, and others.

Publications and Presentations by Inera

XML Publication Workflows for Standards
Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum presents an overview of XML workflow options for standards bodies that includes an ISO case study. This article is reproduced with the permission of SES, the Society for Standards Professionals. The article was first published in Standards Engineering, the official SES Journal, Vol. 65, No. 6, November/December 2013. For subscription or membership information, contact SES at

Variations in XML Reference Tagging in Scholarly Publication.
Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum provides a brief history of reference tagging in SGML and XML. The paper discusses specific reference markup structures in the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS), from the common to the arcane. The evolution from <citation> and <nlm-citation> to the newer <mixed-citation> and <element-citation> elements in 3.x is reviewed, including a discussion of the workflow implications of each model. Rosenblum concludes with some observations about the intersection among reference markup, online reference linking, and the true meaning of references in the world of electronic publishing. This paper was presented at JATS-Con 2011.

NLM Journal Publishing DTD Flexibility: How and Why Applications of the NLM DTD Vary Based on Publisher-Specific Requirements
On the basis of a review of more than 20 implementations of the DTD, this paper discusses various interpretations chosen by a range of publishers as well as the business or technical requirements that led to those decisions. The implications, pro and con, of this flexibility are examined. The paper concludes with the suggestion that this flexibility is one factor that has led to wide adoption of the NLM DTD Suite. Presented at JATS-Con 2010 by Inera CEO Bruce Rosenblum.

A Standard XML Document Format: The Case for the Adoption of the NLM DTD?
Presented in 2006 at an event jointly organized by the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers and Scholarly Information Strategies.

Automated Quality Assurance for Heuristic-Based XML Creation Systems 
A study of the stability of XML conversion system applications maintained by regularly conducted, automated regression testing. Presented at Extreme Markup 2004.

E-Journal Archive DTD Feasibility Study 
A report prepared under a Mellon Foundation grant for the Harvard University Libraries that surveys the DTDs of ten journal publishers.

A Decade of DTDs and SGML in Scholarly Publishing: What Have We Learned? 
A review of how DTDs reflect the business requirements of publishers in journal publishing. Presented at Extreme Markup 2002.